MT: albumen print on paper mounted on card (9x5 / C:10x6)
TX: inscribed with fountain pen at lower center of margin in French <Cte de Cavour>, printed at lower center <MAYER & PIERSON, PHOT.>, at left <Déposé>, at right <garanti d'après nature>, inscribed with pencil at rear upper center <Cte de Cavour>, printed at center <MAYER & PIERSON / PHOTOGRAPHES DE S.M. L'EMPEREUR / Boulevard des Capucines, 3. / PARIS>, stamped below <MAISON / ALPH. GIROUX>
CM: Camillo Paolo Filippo Giulio Benso, Count of Cavour, of Isolabella and of Leri (10 August 1810 - 6 June 1861) was a leading figure in the movement toward Italian unification. He was the founder of the original Italian Liberal Party and Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia, a position he maintained (except for a six-month resignation) throughout the Second Italian War of Independence and Garibaldi's campaigns to unite Italy. Cavour died only three months after the declaration of a united Kingdom of Italy, and thus did not live to see Venetia or Rome included in the kingdom. § Cavour, as he is usually called, put forth several economic reforms in his native region of Piedmont in his earlier years, and founded the political newspaper Il Risorgimento. After being elected to the Chamber of Deputies, he quickly rose in rank through the Piedmontese government, coming to dominate the Chamber of Deputies through a union of left-center and right-center politicians. After a large rail system expansion program, Cavour became prime minister in 1852. As prime minister, Cavour successfully negotiated Piedmont's way through the Crimean War, Second Italian War of Independence, and Garibaldi's expeditions, managing to maneuver Piedmont diplomatically to become a new great power in Europe, controlling a nearly united Italy that was five times as large as Piedmont had been before he came to power. He is generally viewed as the mastermind of the unification of Italy. § Today, many Italian cities have important streets or squares named for him, e.g. Trieste, Rome, Florence, Naples. The new Marina Militare aircraft carrier Cavour is also named in his honor. This unit was preceded by the famous battleship Conte di Cavour, which fought both in World War I and World War II.